Creating Online Stores with Commerce 2.x on Drupal 8

Lessons from Commerce 1.x

  • Expected site builders to be experts on building a commerce workflow
  • Scalability problems
  • Prioritise UX

Drupal Commerce 2.x

  • Built from scratch on D8
  • Alpha 4 on April 28, 2016
  • Payment system currently finalizing development
  • Beta coming soon with beta-to-beta upgrade paths
  • Installation via composer (new site or existing site)

Module Dependencies

  • Inline Entity Form (Alpha 6 currently, beta pending on revision & translation support)
  • Address (Beta 2 currently)
    • Address formats now editable in UI (edit fields, mandatory setting etc)
    • Zones - Allows rules based on given address settings
  • Profile (Alpha 4 currently)
  • State Machine (Beta 2 currently)
    • Order statuses as in 1.x
    • Workflow transitions between order statuses

Commerce 2.x Features

Currency management

Uses CLDR currency lists

Price formatting

Locale aware (Language + Country) e.g German (Austria) vs German (Germany)


  • Smart data model accommodating fluctuating tax rates
  • Predefined tax rates for EU countries and Switzerland
  • Tax resolvers with logic for major uses cases
  • Integration with Avalara for sales tax automation


  • Support for multiple stores out of the box
  • Per-store settings include contact email, default currency, supported countries etc
  • Orders belong to one store, products one or more stores


  • Product entities are now the actual product display page (not node based product displays)
  • Product variations represent individual SKUs

Product Attributes

  • E.g. Product size. Rather than being a taxonomy vocabulary, new entity type
  • Own UI
  • Stronger data integrity (can’t delete an attribute after use)
  • Automated field creation

Order and line item types

Seperate types of order (e.g. digital, phyiscal). Potential for different checkout flow per order type.

Order editing

Step-by-step order creation wizard (choose products, choose customer, add payments, add discounts etc)

Add to cart forms

  • Preserves support for one or more attributes (defined at the product variation level) and exposed line item fields
  • Managed via field display settings

Shopping carts

  • Multiple shopping carts per customer
  • Customer support can build a cart, assign to customer, then customer can view that cart and checkout

Improved checkout UX

  • Default configurations and components will be more opinionated in Commerce 2.x to help developers create better experiences


  • Development ongoing in public branch on GitHub. Sprinting at DrupalCon
  • Expanded API to improve DX
  • Building tokenization by default into the core API
  • Currently integrating Braintree and Authorize.Net as reference implementations